According to the EPA, indoor air pollutants are ranked among the top five environmental risks to public health, underscoring the need for maintaining adequate indoor air quality in buildings. Indoor air quality can be compromised by a range of factors including smoke, microbial contaminants, volatile organic compounds, and gases such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and radon. Additionally, humidity can increase heating and cooling costs, damage building components, and support mold and bacterial growth, contributing to allergies and respiratory problems.
Monitoring allows air quality specialists to collect data on interior conditions, identify source issues, and formulate solutions for mitigating problems. Monitoring can also serve to ensure that solutions have been successful.